On Saturday (4/20) a few members of the river research group and some other graduate students spent the day picking up trash along the Willamette River. The event, Clean Water for Great Brews was organized by Willamette Riverkeeper. We got to float the Willamette River in the Geography Department cataraft and stop to pick up trash along the way, and with recent high water there was certainly plenty of trash. Between the one-the-water pick up crews and the hiking pick up crews we removed more than 5000 lbs of trash from around 7 miles of river in Eugene.
Devon and Bianca with some of the trash the cataraft carried out.
The river group has had a busy past year, but you wouldn’t necessarily know it given our absence in posting about it! Below we highlight some of the most major achievements and trips over the past year.
Pat McDowell receives Melvin G. Marcus Distinguished Career Award at AAG 2018
Our own Pat McDowell was awarded the Melvin G. Marcus Distinguished Career Award from the Geomorphology Specialty Group of the American Association of Geographers at the 2018 Annual Meeting in New Orleans, LA. See the story from UO geography at this link:
River Group McKenzie River Geomorphology Trip in Fall 2018
Many members of our river group took a weekend driving up and down the McKenzie River valley and its tributaries to discuss the geomorphology of the western cascades and view stage 0 river restoration efforts on tributaries such as Deer Creek.
Swagata Goswami defends Ph.D. dissertation in winter 2019
Swagata returned to Eugene after working remotely the last couple years to defend her dissertation regarding the hydrological and geomorphological impacts of infrastructure built on mega alluvial fans in India. Congratulations, Dr. Goswami!
Strong River Group Showing at River Restoration Northwest 2019
Several river group members attended the 2019 annual River Restoration Northwest conference in Stevenson, WA. Both present river group member Aaron Zettler-Mann and alumni Polly Lind shared their research related to river restoration theory and practice.
Regular contributor to Eugene Weekly, Robert Warren, starts off last week’s column by asking “What’s your favorite place?” a question inspired by Shaul Cohen’s introductory Geography course. As he proceeds, Warren discusses how various courses he has audited in his retirement have inspired him. In particular, he cites our own Pat McDowell’s “Watershed Science and Policy” course which I (Matthew Goslin) have been assisting the past 3 years. It’s great to see such a dedicated, always creative and evolving teacher like Pat get some fun recognition. I’ve been reading Warren’s columns in the EW regularly these past few years and didn’t realize he was the gentleman sitting in on the courses we’d been teaching, including our recent geomorphology course. I hope he enjoyed it as much as Watershed Science and Policy!
This past August, three of us (Mark Fonstad, Aaron Zettler-Mann, and James Major) spent three days on the lower Sandy River between Mt. Hood and Portland. We were performing an experiment: how many river miles is it possible to float in a few days while at the same time flying a drone to collect very high resolution imagery from which channel sediment data and morphology can be extracted? We took the department’s cataraft, and while it is the ideal platform for this kind of work, the water levels in the Sandy River were low, and there was a fair amount of boat-dragging necessary. Nevertheless, we were able to cover about 40 km in those three days, and we collected 2-cm resolution imagery over almost every river bar along this section of the river. The Sandy River is geomorphically highly active, and is well known for the Marmot Dam removal higher in the watershed several years ago.
PhD Student Aaron Zettler-Mann has received a Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant from the National Science Foundation. Aaron’s dissertation is entitled “Lateral Channel Confinement and its Impact on Channel Morphology”, and this grant (for $15,912) will allow Aaron to conduct fieldwork and analysis of the Rogue River and the influence of lateral sediment supply on channel morphology. Aaron has extensive experience on extracting 3D data and orthophotographs from imagery, and these skills will allow him to produce sediment maps throughout the river system through automated feature extraction from imagery techniques. Aaron hopes to test the applicability of the sediment links theory concept to the Rogue River and extend the concept to sediment sources from hillslopes in addition to the traditional tributary sources. Aaron’s advisor is Mark Fonstad.
This summer Aaron Zettler-Mann conducted the first of two years of National Science Foundation funded dissertation work on the Rogue River in southern Oregon. Aaron is taking a riverscapes approach to examine how lateral channel constrictions such as roads, railroads, levees and bridge abutments impact channel morphology variables, including channel width, depth and the particle size distribution of river bars. This field work will also be used to further test the “Sediment Links” theory which suggests that patterns in channel width, depth and grain size are linked to the presence of tributaries. Field work for Aaron consisted of rafting over 60 kilometers, taking photographs from UAVs and a camera-on-a-pole of gravel bars, photographing the river banks and measuring channel depth. Below, pictures from the Rogue River. Clockwise from upper left: black bear sightings, UAV based image acquisition in the Recreation Section, battery charging and swimming at camp, camera-on-a-pole image acquisition in the Wild and Scenic section, on the water, and (center) gravel bar orthophoto ready for particle size distribution mapping.
In early June, doctoral candidate Aaron Zettler-Mann and recent baccalaureate graduate James Major spent three days flying a UAV on the Middle Fork of the John Day. The object of the project was to produce an orthophotograph of floodplain vegetation along a 2.5 kilometer by 0.5 kilometer section of the Middle Fork Valley Floor. The orthophoto will be used to map distinct vegetation species on the floodplain, with species identification occurring in the field. The resulting floodplain vegetation maps will be compared to previous field surveys of floodplain vegetation dating back as far as 1996. Additionally, this map will serve as baseline vegetation data going forward. Active channel restoration occurred beginning in July of 2017 and the vegetation map will allow future monitoring of floodplain vegetation communities which are a good indicator of changes to ground water flow. Below, the orthophoto compose for the study area and some pictures from the ground of vegetation and floodplain terrain.
On the Road: 5 weeks, 2 kids, 6806 miles, 9 states, 2 archives
Denielle Perry spent the summer conducting field work at the LBJ Presidential Library Archives in Austin, Texas and at the National Archives Denver Office. This research was funded by the LBJ Foundation Moody Research Grant and the University of Oregon Women in Graduate Sciences. Her field assistants were Bodhi (5 yrs) and Rio (1 yr).
Professor Mark Fonstad and graduate student Aaron Zettler-Mann attended the symposium in Fort Collins, Colorado. The symposium included a field trip on Friday just outside Rocky Mountain National Park looking at connectivity as related to beaver dams and upstream – downstream nutrient flow and the development of meadows. We also looked at hillslope – channel connectivity as related to a major flooding event in the Front Range of Colorado in September of 2013.
There were a variety of talks related to connectivity over the two days of the symposium. Of specific interest to the River Research Group were Stephen Rice who spoke about the Sediment Links concept, Leonard Sklar who spoke about sediment size and hillslope morphology, Karen Grant who spoke about sediment pulse evolution and Gordon Grant who spoke about equilibrium states and dynamic fluctuations. Or, as he put it “Fluvial (Dis)continuity”.
This symposium was of tremendous value to Aaron due to its size which allowed for a number of conversations with key members of the geomorphology community. Especially as he develops the theoretical context for his dissertation work.
On Earth Day, Christina Appleby participated in the Long Tom Watershed Council’s Rivers to Ridges group tour along the lower Long Tom River. The tour was attended by many partners of the Rivers to Ridges group including representatives from the Nature Conservancy, the Army Corps of Engineers, USFW, Lane County Parks, and Friends of Buford Park. The tour included intact hardwood floodplain forest, oak woodland and savannah, vernal pools, and wet and upland prairie habitats just north of the Fern Ridge Reservoir. The group learned about LTWC’s interest in the reconnection historic channel segments and their ongoing efforts to recreate wet prairies and restore open white oak woodlands on private lands.
Christina shared some of her thesis research ideas with the group as a part of the investigation into reconnecting historic meander bends to the main stem of the lower Long Tom River for fish passage improvement and floodplain reconnection. She was impressed by the widespread and beautiful camas flowers in the wet prairies and was pleased to see a herd of more than forty elk utilizing the restored woodlands.