North Powder is a very small city located in Eastern Oregon. Located along the railroad line in that area of the state, the city’s history is closely connected to interstate commerce, travel, and transportation. It served as a useful stop along the railroad, but was overshadowed by more significant economic centers, such as La Grande to the north. It was home to an icehouse that supported refrigerated rail cars, but only through 1930 when the ice house burned down. 
Demographics, Politics & Society
North Powder is an incredibly small area, both in terms of actual square miles and population too. The 1920 census reported that the population of North Powder was only around 600.  This is, nonetheless, somewhat of an increase from its population in 1900, which the census reported as 499.  As with much of Oregon in the early 1900s, the population was predominantly white, and statewide populations of immigrants were incredibly low.
 Bailey, Barbara Ruth (1982). Main Street: Northeastern Oregon. Oregon Historical Society. pp. 46, 70.
 Fourteenth Census of the United States: 1920 Bulletin. “Population: Oregon. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions.” ftp://ftp2.census.gov/library/publications/decennial/1920/bulletins/demographics/population-or-number-of-inhabitants.pdf
 Twelfth Census of the United States. “Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1890 and 1900.”