Kikumoto, A., & Mayr, U., (2020). The Role of Conjunctive Representations in Controlling Actions. bioRxiv. doi:10.1101/2020.04.30.070227 LINK

Mayr, U., & Freund, A. M. (2020).  Do we become more prosocial as we age, and, if yes, why? Current Directions in Psychological Science. PDF

Kikumoto, A., & Mayr, U., (2020). Conjunctive Representations that Integrate Stimuli, Responses, and Rules are Critical for Action Selection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 201922166. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1922166117 PDF bioRxiv:LINK

Moss, E. M., Kikumoto, A., & Mayr, U. (2020). Does Conflict Resolution Rely on Working Memory? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.


Erik L.K., McShane, B.B., Kutlikova, H.H., Morales, P.J., Christian, C., Harbaugh, W.T., Mayr, U., Ortiz, T.L., Gilbert, G., Ma-Kellams, G, Riečanský, I , Watson, N.V., Eisenegger, C., Lamm, C., Mehta, P.H., & Carré, J.M. (2019). Weak and variable effects of exogenous testosterone on cognitive reflection task performance in three experiments: Commentary on Nave et al. (2017). Psychological Science.

Kikumoto, A., & Mayr, U. (2019). Balancing Model-Based and Memory-Free Action Selection under Competitive Pressure. eLife.48810. LINK, BioRxiv: LINK

Hubbard, J., Kikumoto, A., & Mayr, U. (2019). EEG Decoding Reveals the Strength and Temporal Dynamics of Goal-Relevant Representations. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 9051.LINK, bioRxiv: LINK


Kikumoto, A., & Mayr, U. (2018). Decoding hierarchical control of sequential behavior in oscillatory EEG activity. eLife7, e38550. LINK

Naveh-Benjamin, M., & Mayr, U. (2018). Age-related differences in associative memory: Empirical evidence and theoretical perspectives. Psychology and aging, 33(1), 1.PDF


Karns, C. M., Moore III, W. E., & Mayr, U. (2017). The Cultivation of Pure Altruism via Gratitude: A functional MRI Study of Change with Gratitude Practice. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11, 599.PDF

Knight, E. L., Christian, C. B., Morales, P. J., Harbaugh, W. T., Mayr, U., & Mehta, P. H. (2017). Exogenous testosterone enhances cortisol and affective responses to social-evaluative stress in dominant men. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 85, 151-157.PDF

Kikumoto, A., & Mayr, U. (2017). The Nature of Task Set Representations in Working Memory. Journal of Cognitive NeurosciencePDF


Schwarzkopp, T., Mayr, U., & Jost, K. (2016). Early Selection Versus Late Correction: Age-Related Differences in Controlling Working Memory Contents. Psychology and agingPDF

Hubbard, J., Kuhns, D., & Mayr, U. (2016). Is Conflict Adaptation due to Active Regulation or Passive Carry-Over? Evidence from Eye Movements. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and CognitionPDF

Hubbard, J., Harbaugh, W.T., Srivastava, S., Degras, D., & Mayr, U. (2016) A General Benevolence Dimension that Links Neural, Psychological, Economic, and Life-span Data on Altruistic Tendencies. Journal of Experimental Psychology: GeneralPDF    Supplemental Materials    Data

Kikumoto, A., Hubbard, J., & Mayr, U. (2016). Dynamics of Task-set Carry-Over: Evidence from Eye-Movement Analyses. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review PDF


Mayr, U., & Spieler D.H. (in press). When and why do old adults outsource control to the environment? Psychology and AgingPDF

Jost, K. & Mayr, U. (2015). Switching between filter settings reduces the efficient utilization of visual working memory. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral NeurosciencePDF


Mayr, U., Kuhns, D., & Hubbard, J. (2014). Long-Term Memory and the Control of Attentional Control. Cognitive PsychologyPDF

Mayr, U., LaRoux, C., Rolheiser, T., Osternig, L., Chou, L., & van Donkelaar, P. (2014). Executive Dysfunction Assessed With a Task-Switching Task Following Concussion. PLOS OnePDF

Lindenberger, U., & Mayr, U. (2014). Cognitive Aging: Is There a Dark Side to Environmental Support? Trends in Cognitive Science. 18, 7-15. PDF

Rode, C., Robson, R., Purviance, A., Geary, D. C., & Mayr, U. (2014). Is Working Memory Training Effective? A Study in a School Setting. PloS one, 9, e104796. PDF

Wozniak D., Mayr, U., & Harbaugh, B. (2014). The Menstrual Cycle and Performance Feedback Alter Gender Differences in Competitive Choices. Journal of Labor EconomicsPDF


Mayr, U., Kleffner, K., Kikumoto, A., & Redford, M. (2013). Control of Task Sequences: What is the Role of Language? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition PDF

Mayr, U., Kuhns, D., & Rieter, M. (2013). Eye movements reveal dynamics of task control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 142(2), 489. PDF

Howell, D., Osternig, L., van Donkelaar, P., Mayr, U, & Chou, L. (2013). Effects of Concussion on Attention and Executive Function in Adolescents. Journal of the American College of Sports MedicinePDF


Mayr, U., Wozniak D., Davidson C., Kuhns, D., & Harbaugh, W.T. (2012). The feisty fifties: Competitiveness across the life span. Psychology and AgingLINK

Wozniak, D., Harbaugh, W., & Mayr, U. (2012). The Menstrual Cycle and Performance Feedback Alter Gender Differences in Competitive Choices. Journal of Labor EconomicsPDF


Anderson, M.C., Reinholz, J., Kuhl, B.A., & Mayr, U. (2011). Intentional suppression of unwanted memories grows more difficult as we age. Psychology and Aging 673-679. PDF 


Fukuda, K., Vogel, E., Mayr, U., & Awh, E. (2010). Quantity not quality: The relationship between fluid intelligence and working memory capacity. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 17, 673-679. PDF

Jost, K., Bryck, R.B., Vogel, E.K., & Mayr, U. (2010). Are old adults just like low working memory young adults? Filtering efficiency and age differences in visual working memory. Cerebral CortexPDF

Mayr U. (2010). The surface structure and the deep structure of sequential control: What can we learn from task-span switch costs? Psychonomic Bulletin and Review , 17, 693-698. PDF


Mayr U. (2009). Sticky plans: Inhibition and binding during serial task control. Cognitive Psychology, 59, 123-153. PDF

Mayr, U., Harbaugh, B., & D. Tankersley, D. (2009). Neuroeconomics of charitable giving and philantrophy. In P. Glimcher,, C.F. Camerer, E., Fehr, & R.,A. Poldrack (Eds.), Neuroeconomics: decision-making and the brain. Academic Press. PDF

Silsupadol, P., Shumway-Cook, A., Lugade, V. van Donkelaar, P., Chou, L.S., Mayr, U, & Woollacott, M.J. (2009). Effects of Single- vs. Dual-task training on Balance Performance in Older Adults: A Double-blind, Randomized Controlled Trial. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Rehabilitation, 90, 381-387. LINK

Siu, K.-C., Chou, L.S., Mayr, U., van Donkelaar, P., & Woollacott, M.H. (2009). Attentional mechanisms contributing to balance constraints during gait: The effects of balance impairments. Brain Research. 1248, 59-67. LINK


Bryck, R. & Mayr, U. (2008). Task selection cost asymmetry without task switching. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 15, 128-134.PDF

Mayr, U., & Awh. E. (2008). The elusive link between conflict and conflict adaptation. Psychological Research, 73, 794-802.PDF

Jost, K., Mayr, U, & Rösler F. (2008). Is task switching nothing but cue priming? Evidence from ERPs.Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience. 8, 74-84.PDF

Siu, K.-C., Chou, L.S., Mayr, U., van Donkelaar, P., & Woollacott, M.H. (2008). Does inability to allocate attention contribute to balance during gait in older adults? Journals of Gerontolgy: Medical Sciences. 1248, 59-67.LINK


*Harbaugh, B.T., *Mayr, U., & Burghart, D. (2007). Neural responses to taxation and voluntary giving reveal motives for charitable donations. Science, 316, 1622-1655. Full text here.

Mayr, U. (2007). Inhibition of task sets. In D.S. Gorfein & C.M. MacLeod (Eds.). Inhibition in Cognition. APA Books: Washington DC. PDF


Mayr, U. (2006). What matters in the cued task-switching paradigm: Tasks or cues? Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 5, 794-799. PDF

*Spieler, D., *Mayr, U., & LaGrone, S. (2006). Outsourcing cognitive control to the environment: Adult-age differences in the use of task cues. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 5, 787-793. PDF

Mayr, U., & Bell, T. (2006). On how to be unpredictable: Evidence from the voluntary task-switching paradigm. Psychological Science , 17, 774-780. PDF

Mayr, U., & Bryck, R.L. (2006). Outsourcing Control to the Environment: Effects of Stimulus/Response Locations on Task Selection. Psychological Research, 71, 107-116. PDF

Mayr, U., Diedrichsen, J., Ivry, R., & Keele, S. (2006). Dissociating task-set selection from task-set inhibition in prefrontal cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience , 18, 14-21. PDF


Bryck, R.L. & Mayr, U. (2005). Does executive task management require verbalization? Memory & Cognition, 33, 11-23. PDF

Deater-Deckard, K. & Mayr, U. (2005). Cognitive change in aging: identifying gene-environment correlation and nonshared environmental mechanisms. Journals of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 60, 24-31.

Foroni, F. & Mayr, U. (2005). The power of a story: New, automatic associations from a single reading of a short scenario. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 12, 139-144. PDF

Krampe, R. T., Mayr, U., & Kliegl, R. (2005). Timing, sequencing, and executive control in repetitive movement production. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 31, 379-397. PDF

Mayr, U., & Bryck, R.L. (2005). Sticky rules: Integration between abstract rules and specific actions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 31, 337-350. PDF


Mayr. U. (2004). Consciousness and control. Trends in Cognitive Science. 8, 145-148.


Keele, S., Ivry, R., Mayr, U., Hazeltine, E., & Heuer, H. (2003). The cognitive and neural architecture of sequence representation. Psychological Review, 110, 316-339. PDF

Mayr. U. & Kliegl, R. (2003). Differential effects of cue changes and task changes on task-set selection costs. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 29, 362-372. PDF

Mayr, U., Awh, E., & Laurey, P. (2003). Does conflict adaptation require executive control? Nature Neuroscience, 6, 450-452. PDF


Mayr, U. (2002). Inhibition of action rules. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 9, 93-99. PDF


Mayr, U. (2001). Age differences in the selection of mental sets: The role of inhibition, stimulus ambiguity, and response-set overlap. Psychology and Aging, 16, 96-109. PDF

Mayr, U. & Liebscher, T. (2001). Is there an age deficit in the selection of mental sets? European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 13, 47-69.

Mayr, U., Spieler, D., & Kliegl, R. (2001). Ageing and executive control: Introduction to the special issue. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 13, 1-4.

Oberauer K., Demmrich A., Mayr U., & Kliegl, R. (2001). Dissociating retention and access in working memory: An age-comparative study of mental arithmetic. Memory and Cognition, 29, 18-33.


Helmuth, L., Mayr, U., & Daum, I. (2000). Sequence learning in patients with Parkinson’s disease: A comparison between spatial-attention and number-response sequences. Neuropsychologia, 38, 1143-1451.

Krampe, R. T., Kliegl, R., Mayr, U., Engberg, R., & Vorberg, D. (2000) On the fast and slow of bimanual rhythm production: Parallel vs. integrated timing.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 26, 206-233. PDF

Mayr, U., & Keele, S. (2000). Changing internal constraints on action: The role of backward inhibition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 129, 4-26. PDF

Mayr, U. & Kliegl, R. (2000). Task-set switching and long-term memory retrieval.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 26, 1124-1140. PDF

Mayr, U., & Kliegl, R. (2000). Complex semantic processing in old age: Does it stay or does it go? Psychology and Aging, 15, 29-34. PDF

Before 2000

Verhaeghen, P., Kliegl, R., & Mayr, U. (1997). Sequential and coordinative complexity in time-accuracy functions for mental arithmetic. Psychology and Aging, 12, 555-564.

Mayr, U. (1996). Spatial attention and implicit sequence learning: Evidence for independent learning of spatial and nonspatial sequences. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 19, 1297-1320.

Mayr, U., Kliegl, R., & Krampe, R. T. (1996). Sequential and coordinative processing dynamics across the life span. Cognition, 59, 61-90.

Kliegl, R., Mayr, U., & Krampe, R. T. (1994). Time-accuracy functions for the determination of person and process differences: An application to cognitive aging. Cognitive Psychology, 26, 134-164.

Baltes, M., Mayr, U., Borchelt, M., Maas, I., & Wilms, U. (1994). Everyday competence in old and very old age: An interdisciplinary perspective. Ageing and Society, 13, 657-679.

Mayr, U., & Kliegl, R. (1993). Sequential and coordinative complexity: Age-based processing limitations in figural transformations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 19, 1297-1320.

Lindenberger, U., Mayr, U., & Kliegl, R. (1993). Speed and intelligence in old age. Psychology and Aging, 8, 207-220.

Kliegl, R., & Mayr, U. (1992). Commentary on Salthouse. Human Development, 35, 343-349.

* Joint first authorship.


edfR– an R package for importing and processing EDF files from Eyelink eye trackers.

itrackR– an R package for high-level processing of eyetracking data.